Long Term Care: The Basic Facts

Nashville Senior Care News

Long term care is an array of services and support that elderly and infirm can use to meet their personal care requirements. The majority of long term care is not treatment, however rather help with the fundamental individual tasks of daily life, in some cases called Activities of Daily Living (ADLs), such as: eating, bathing, dressing, making use of the commode and moving (to or from bed or chair).

Other usual long term care services and supports are assistance with daily tasks, in some cases called Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs) including: household chores, managing cash, medication reminders, preparing and tidying up after meals, searching for groceries or clothing, using the telephone or various other communication devices, caring for animals, reacting to emergency notifies such as fire alarms.

Who Needs Care?

70 % of individuals turning age 65 can expect to make use of some kind of long term care during their lives. There are a variety of elements that affect the possibility that you will need care: the older you are, the most likely you will require long term care; females outlive males by about 5 years on average, so they are most likely to live in your home alone when they are older.

Having an accident or chronic ailment that causes an impairment is an additional reason for requiring long term care. In between ages 40 and 50, on average, 8 percent of individuals have a handicap that might need long term care services. 69 percent of people age 90 or more have a disability.

Chronic conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure make you more likely to require care. Your genealogy such as whether your parents or grandparents had chronic conditions, may increase your probability.


Poor diet plan and workout routines enhance your chances of requiring long term care. Likewise, if you live alone, you’re most likely to need paid care than if you’re wed, or single, and dealing with a partner.

Just How Much Care Will You Require?

The duration and level of long term care will vary from person to person and commonly alter in time. Here are some data (all are “average”) you must consider: Someone turning age 65 today has almost a 70 % possibility of needing some type of long term care services and supports in their elder years. Females need care longer (3.7 years) than males (2.2 years). One-third of today’s 65 year-olds may never require long term care support, however 20 percent will require it for longer than 5 years.

Who Will Deliver Your Care?

Long term care services and support typically originate from: An unpaid caretaker who may be a family member or friend; A nurse, home wellness or home care aide, and/or therapist who concerns the home; Adult day services in your location; A range of long term care centers.

About 80 percent of care in the house is provided by unpaid care givers and could consist of a variety of emotional, financial, nursing, social, homemaking, and other services. Typically, caregivers spend 20 hours a week giving care. More than half (58 percent) have extensive caregiving obligations that could consist of supervising or aiding with a personal care activity, such as bathing or feeding.

Details on caregivers provide that: About 65.7 million individuals in the US (one in 4 adults) were unpaid household caretakers to a grownup or child in 2009; About two-thirds are women; Fourteen percent who take care of older grownups are themselves age 65 or more.

Where Can You Get Care?

The vast majority of long term care services are delivered in the home. Other kinds of long term care services and supports are provided by community service entities and in long term care centers.  Examples of home care services consist of: A caregiver who could be a relative, friend or associate; A nurse, home wellness, home care aide and or therapist.

Community support services consist of: Adult day care service centers; Transport services; Home care agencies that are delivering services on a daily basis or as required. Frequently these services supplement the care you receive at home or are delivered to give regular care givers a break.

Outside the home, a range of facility-based programs provide long term care services. Nursing homes offer the most detailed range of services, including nursing care and 24-hour guidance. Various other facility-based choices consist of assisted living, board and care homes and continuing care retirement communities. With these organizations, the level of options and who provides your care varies by the kind of facility. You might not get to choose who will deliver services and you could have restricted services when they show up. Still, many assisted living facilities (ALFs) allow non medical assistance from caregivers employed by the customer directly or through a home care agency.


Tags: Nashville long term care, Nashville home care agency, IADL, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living, Nashville senior care, ADL

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